The recent ousting of Blaise Compaoré in a civilian-inspired revolt in Burkina Faso calls into question the fate of West Africa’s two longest-serving heads of state: President Yahya Jammeh of The Gambia and President Faure Gnassingbé of Togo. Common between these two leaders is the fact that they both preside over Constitutions that have no presidential term limits. Already, there are pockets of violent protests in both countries over the issue. In the case of President Jammeh he came into office in 1994 through a military coup d’etat that deposed Dawda Jawara. Two years later, he retired from the army and conducted a presidential contest which he won in spite of the protestations and protests by the opposition parties. He has continued in office since then, winning three more elections in 2001, 2006 and 2011. His current mandate expires in 2016 but as the country’s Constitution (which he crafted) places no term limit on him, he is poised to continue to stay in office.
Link to download full paper: GGDP_CIN4_Burkina_Faso_Revolt_And_Implications