Until the last two decades Sub-Saharan Africa was not known to have transnational terrorist organizations. There were several rebel movements across the continent but they were all basically in-country dissident groups. The trend has changed, and over the last few years there has been a sharp rise in terrorism especially in Nigeria, Niger, Mali, Chad, Cameroun, Somalia, Sudan, Uganda and Kenya. The decision by the United States to create AFRICOM, a separate military command in Africa, as a stand-by military force is the clearest indication that Africa is now considered an area with growing terrorist threats and attacks. These threats and attacks highlight the security concerns currently unfolding in some African countries.