In Part 1 of this series, we stated some baseline and other statistics on the energy situation in Ghana. In analysing these statistics, we underscored that the current power crisis is not the result of lack of generating capacity as we have in excess of 500MW to meet current demand conditions were all the plants fully functioning.
Therefore, we further underscored that the current round of loading shedding to account for the supply deficit of about 500MW has “more to do with fuel unavailability – light cycle crude oil and natural gas to power the thermal plants – and other causal factors.” The other causal factors were enumerated as “the very poor credit risk of ECG”; lack of gas supply from Nigeria; “poor infrastructure planning, maintenance and lack of system redundancy” which have led to maintenance and retrofitting works on some of the thermal plants “on or about similar times;” “distorted tariff regime”; and “low level of supply” by the Bui hydro plant.
In this paper, we will take a much closer look at the causes of the load-shedding exercise.
The projected demand for electricity in Ghana, which has an estimated 10% year-on-year growth, is such that the current limited level of supply has created a major deficit to the extent that even taking a power plant off for routine maintenance further compounds the inadequate supply condition.
Independent power producers (IPPs) have entered the electricity sector following its privatization in the late 1990s.
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